Development of intelligence—Increased IQ in university students.

E5-Increased-Intell-Univers
University students that practised Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique and the TM Sidhi programme had a significantly increased IQ. These students were over the age of 18, and an increase in IQ was therefore theoretically impossible. The control group indeed did not show an increase. The difference between the TM group and the control group was a p-value of <.0001 (what is a p-value?)Ref.Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105–1116, 1991

Faster growth in creativity among students.

E6-Holistic-Improv-Intellectual-PerfIn Taiwan, 362 secondary school students were randomly divided into four groups, a TM group and three control groups. The three control groups included: 1) a resting group, 2) a group practising contemplation meditation, and 3) a group which received no specific attention. After six to twelve months the TM group showed a significant improvement on five different scales of intellectual capability, including a scale for “whole brain creativity” as compared to the three control groups. The difference in growth was so significant and so consistent that the probability of chance was 1 in 1.2 billion p=.0000000008. (what is a p-value?) The TM students also showed a significant decrease in stress symptoms.Ref.Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001

Improved results among students.

E48-Academic-AchievementHigh school students who were taught the Transcendental Meditation technique and practised twice a day as part of their school day, showed significant improvements in test results for math (p<.001) and language (English) (p<.005) after three months of practice, as compared to control students.Ref.Education 131: 556–564, 2011

Higher test scores among students.

E1-Academic-Skills-1Within one academic year, students in secondary education who were taught Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique showed significant improvement on national standardised tests of basic capabilities. (Reading p<.01, Math p<.001).Ref.Education 107: 49–54, 1986

Improved academic results in university.

E11-Impr-College-GradesUniversity students who were taught Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique showed a significant increase in average test scores (Grade Point Average) in the subsequent three academic test periods, as compared to control students. (p=.0003)Ref.Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 1: 396–399, 1977

Correlation between length of TM practice, academic results and IQ.

The length of practice of Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique was significantly correlated to both academic results (r=.52, p<.001) and IQ (r=.59, p<.01) among students in a high school where the Transcendental Meditation technique was practised as part of the curriculum.Ref.Abstracts of Papers of the Annual Meeting of the Mid-western Educational Research Association, 1988, p.6, Chicago

Faster intelligence growth rate among students in Taiwan.

E6-Holistic-Improv-Intellectual-PerfIn Taiwan 362 secondary school students were randomly divided into four groups, a TM group and three control groups. The three control groups included: 1) a resting group, 2) a group practising contemplation meditation, and 3) a group which received no specific attention. After six to twelve months the TM group showed a significant improvement on five different scales of intellectual capability, including two scales of intelligence, “practical intelligence” (p=.00009) and “fluid intelligence” (p=.001), as compared to the three control groups.  The TM students also showed a significant decrease in stress as compared to the control group.Ref.Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001

Improved postgraduate academic performance.

E12-Impr-PostGrad-AcadEngineering students studying for a Master’s degree who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed improved performance on their standard examinations after six months, compared with randomly assigned control students from the same academic programme.Ref.British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164–166, 1985

Better results in education.

In a study that looked at the psychological health and development of students over a nine-month period, students who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme were found to increase in integration, in comparison with control subjects. Integration was measured as one dimension among several (such as autonomy, creativity and directedness) in an open-ended interview, rated by independent interviewers, designed to elicit a depiction of the aspects of life that the subjects value most. Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987.

Improved behaviour in school.

E29-Impr-School-Behaviour-WAdolescent children with high normal systolic blood pressure were randomly assigned to either learn Transcendental Meditation or participate in a health education control group. After four months, the students practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique showed decreased absenteeism, decreased school rule infractions, and decreased suspension days. Ref.Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1: 10, 2003

Increased energy among students.

E15-Incr-Energy-LevelSecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique showed increased energy levels after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978

Increased self-actualisation among university students.

E24-Increased-Self-DevelopUniversity students who were practising the TM technique and TM Sidhi Programme increased significantly on self-development (ego development) when measured after graduation, in contrast to control students at three other universities who were not participating in this programme.Ref.Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17: 93–121, 2005.

Greater appreciation of others.

E17-Grtr-Apprec-OthersUniversity students practising the Transcendental Meditation technique rated the important people in their lives (parents, spouse) significantly more positively than did control students.Ref.Perceptual and Motor Skills 64: 1003–1012, 1987.

Higher levels of moral maturity.

E25-Greater-Moral-MaturityUniversity students who were practising the Transcendental Meditation technique showed significantly higher levels of moral maturity in comparison to control students who were not practising the technique. Controls who were about to learn Transcendental Meditation displayed the same level of moral maturity as those who were not planning to learn, indicating that the observed difference among the Transcendental Meditation participants was due to changes after starting the practice of TM.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International 36(7): 4361A, 1976.

Increased self-regard.

E21-Incr-Self-Regard-Lrng-D-v1Secondary school students with learning disabilities who were instructed in the Transcendental Meditation technique showed increased self-regard in contrast to control students participating in a guidance group.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International 38(6): 3351A, 1977

Increased self-esteem in secondary school students.

E20-Increased-Self-EsteemSecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique showed increased self-esteem after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978.

Increased autonomy.

E47-IncrAutonomyTMSPStudents who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme were found to have increased autonomy over a nine-month period. Autonomy, defined as reported self-sufficiency, self-reliance, freedom, independence, and mastery of situations, was measured as one dimension among several in an open-ended interview, rated by independent interviewers, designed to elicit expression of experiences that the subject values in life.Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987.

Increased self-actualisation and personal development.

E27-Increased-PersonalDevl-v1University students who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme, in comparison to control students from another university, increased significantly on three measures of personal development and psychological health—increased creativity, increased autonomy, and increased intrinsic spirituality. The TM-Sidhi Programme participants also improved significantly on an overall measure of well-being and a measure of psychological integration in comparison to the control students.Ref. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987.

Increased tolerance in secondary school students.

E16-Incr-ToleranceSecondary students who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique showed increased tolerance after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students. Ref. Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978.

Improved memory among university students.

E8-Improved-MemoryUniversity students who were taught the Transcendental Meditation technique showed improved clustering in short-term memory after a mere 40 days of practising the technique. This indicated increased organisation of the thought process, as compared to randomly assigned control groups, who were instructed to sit with their eyes closed twice a day. (p<.001) Ref.Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 1: 385–392, 1977.

Decreased stress response.

E39-Decreased-Stress-ResponseUniversity students who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique displayed decreased stress response after 10 week of practice, in contrast to greater stress response among students randomly assigned to a delayed-start condition. Reduced stress response was measured as faster physiological habituation to the stressful stimulus of a loud noise. Students who had learned the Transcendental Meditation technique also showed increased integration of brain functioning and decreased sleepiness in comparison to controls.Ref.International Journal of Psychophysiology 71: 170–176, 2009

Decreased stress, anxiety, and ADHD symptoms.

E40-Stress-ADHD-SymptomsSchool students with a current diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique displayed reduced stress, anxiety, and ADHD symptoms after three months, as rated both by teachers and by the students themselves. The p-value on the chart indicates improvement as determined by a multivariate test for the following subscales: anxious/depressed, withdrawn/depressed, affective problems, anxiety problems, attention problems, ADHD problems, and total problems.  The bars on the chart indicate change on the total problems subscale. Ref.Current Issues in Education 10(2), 2008. [Online]

Students feel better.

E45-IncrWellBeingTMSPStudents who were taught the TM Sidhi programme showed an increase in well-being after a period of nine months. Well-being was measured as an affective component in a questionnaire evaluated by independent interviewers. Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987.

Faster response time.

E14-Improv-Reaction-TimeUniversity students who practiced the Transcendental Meditation technique and the TM Sidhi programme showed a significant improvement in choice response time, in comparison to control students. (p<.0001) Ref.Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105–1116, 1991.

Less sleepiness among students.

E38-Decreased-SleepinessUniversity students who were taught the Transcendental Meditation technique reported significantly less sleepiness during the day after ten weeks of TM practice, in comparison to students who were randomly assigned to a delayed start condition as control group. (p<.001) Students who were taught the Transcendental Meditation technique also showed stronger integration in brain functionality and adapted to stressful stimuli faster than those in the control group. Ref.International Journal of Psychophysiology 71: 170–176, 2009.

More appreciation for academic activities.

E34-GreaterIntellOrientPeople who participated in an advanced, one-month course, which included the TM technique, developed a greater appreciation for reflective and academic activities in comparison to the norm. Ref.Western Psychologist 4: 104–111, 1974.

Improved mathematical skills

E9-Faster-Solution-ArithmAfter only 40 days of practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique, students were able to solve mathematical problems faster in comparison to randomly assigned controls, who just sat with their eyes closed twice a day.Ref.Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 1: 385–392, 1977

Increased Intelligence in Remedial Students

E7-Incr-Intell-Remedial-StThis study was conducted among Cambodian students taking a year of remedial study in preparation for college. Students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed a significant increase in intelligence test scores in contrast to other students after three months. (p=.001)Ref.Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73–82, 1995

Increased Intelligence in Secondary School Students

E4-Increased-IntelligenceSecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation programme showed increased intelligence after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students. (p<.001) Ref. Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978.

Improved general health among university students

University students in Cambodia who started practising the Transcendental Meditation technique showed improved general health (composed of physical, mental, and social factors) after three months, as compared to control groups of students from two other universities that were not taught the TM technique. Ref. Journal of Instructional Psychology  22: 308–319, 1995.

Increased efficiency in learning

E43-IncrEfficiencyLearningTMSPStudents who were taught the TM-Sidhi Programme showed increased efficiency in learning after one year, as measured by a computer task involving the learning of concepts. Greater efficiency in learning means that  participants were better able to use each attempt to learn a task in order to find additional information about the solution sought.Ref.International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151–157, 1981

Efficient learning of new concepts

E26-Improved-Concept-LngUniversity students that were taught the TM Sidhi programme improved significantly on an index of the efficiency of the learning of a concept in comparison to a matched control group of students of the same university.Ref.International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151–157, 1981

Increased Creativity in Secondary School Students

E3-Increased-CreativitySecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation programme showed increased creativity after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students. (p <.001) Ref. Dissertation Abstracts International 38 (7): 3372B-3373B, 1978.

Increased Creativity

E44-IncrCreativityTMSPStudents who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme were found to increase over a nine-month period in creativity. Creativity, defined as reported originality, spontaneity, and growth, was measured as one dimension among several in an open-ended interview, rated by independent interviewers, designed to elicit expression of experiences that the subject values in life.Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987

What the Media is saying about TM