Growth in self-actualisation: Transcendental Meditation compared to other meditation techniques.

E23-Self-actualizationStatistical meta-analysis of all available research (42 independent studies) indicated that practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique increased self-actualisation by about three times as much as techniques of contemplation, concentration, or other methods.Ref.Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 6: 189–248, 1991.

Increased self-actualisation among university students.

E24-Increased-Self-DevelopUniversity students who were practising the TM technique and TM Sidhi Programme increased significantly on self-development (ego development) when measured after graduation, in contrast to control students at three other universities who were not participating in this programme.Ref.Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17: 93–121, 2005.

Increased strength of self-concept.

E22-Incr-Strength-Self-ConcAfter one month of practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique, individuals developed a more strongly defined sense of self-concept, in comparison to matched controls. They also reported that their ‘actual’ self was closer to their ‘ideal’ self.Ref.British Journal of Psychology 73: 57–68, 1982

Personal development in prison inmates.

R18-Incr-Self-Devel-v1Maximum security prison inmates who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique displayed increased self-development (ego development) in comparison to controls.Ref.Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 36: 127–160, 2003.

Increased self-actualisation and personal development.

E27-Increased-PersonalDevl-v1University students who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme, in comparison to control students from another university, increased significantly on three measures of personal development and psychological health—increased creativity, increased autonomy, and increased intrinsic spirituality. The TM-Sidhi Programme participants also improved significantly on an overall measure of well-being and a measure of psychological integration in comparison to the control students.Ref. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987.